Trees on map | 2GIS Documentation

Trees on map

Displaying trees on the map always involves finding a balance between a realistic image and appropriate amout of data to create it. The example in this section illustrates a case when location points of certain trees and tree types in each point are known. The task is to display trees in the defined points and make them look natural.

Trees view

  1. Open the Style Editor.

  2. Create a new layer and select the 3D model layer type.

  3. On the Data tab, expand the Trees sublist and select the required vegetation types.

    Trees data

  4. Group the style layers and place them after polygon and line objects but before layers with POI: trees are decorations and they should not overlay POI.

    Order of layers with trees

See the current view of a layer with deciduous trees:

Deciduous trees

In the picture above, trees are angled and scaled identically. More diverse look of the trees should make the map view more natural. You can use random expressions to achieve it.

To enable randomization, add style expressions on the Style tab.

A random expression has two arguments that define the range of values to be generated randomly:

["random", 1, 5]

The result of a random expression is a floating-point number.

  1. Go to the Style section and select Edit JSON.

  2. Add the following expression:

    ["random", 0.3, 0.8]

    Scale randomization should be set in all three axes. Otherwise, a model may look stretched and distorted.

  1. Go to the Rotation section and select Edit JSON.

  2. Add the following expression:

    ["literal", [0, 0, ["random", 0, 180]]]

    In case of trees, the rotation should be randomized around the z-axis. Otherwise, trees will look twisted. In the example above, the rotation is defined for all axes: rotation around x- and y-axes is not done (0) but it is randomized around the z-axis in the range from 0 to 180 degrees.

  1. Go to the Offset section and select Edit JSON.

  2. Add the following expression:

    ["literal", [["random", 0, 3], ["random", 0, 3], 0]]

    Offset should be randomized in x- and y-axes only. Otherwise, a model may look "hanging in the air". In the expression above, the offset is defined for all axes: the offset on x- and y-axes is defined randomly in the range from 0 to 3 units, the offset on z-axis is not done (0).

You can also check style layer settings in a prepared style. To access the settings, log into the Styles Editor and select Create a copy.

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        <title>2GIS Map API</title>
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                rotation: 136,
                pitch: 45,
                key: 'Your API access key',
                style: 'df8c234a-6112-455e-86a6-dca1255e91aa'